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February 24, 2021

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The Alphabetical Brain™ Symbol represents the unique relationship between your brain and the 26 letters of the American English alphabet. Since English is currently the universal language of business and science around the world, it is the lingua franca of our modern era.

The Alphabetical Brain™ Symbol stands for the importance of understanding the causal relationship between your brain's physical structures and your mind's mental functions.

The 26 letters of the American English alphabet enable you to create complex thoughts to control your specific unique behavior in all kinds of social relationships and emotional situations. The fact that the same 26 letters of the alphabet became so universally adaptable that they can now symbolize the hundreds of "sound bits" necessary for the survival of our contemporary American democratic empire is truly astonishing!

This website is designed to add coherence and authenticity to the fundamental new brain knowledge created by scientists, which is known as cognitive neuroscience. This "brain science" way of thinking is fully aligned with altruistic optimistic humanistic liberal ethical values.

The new brain science knowledge is essential for you to understand in its full scientific and philosophical linguistic context. The new brain vocabulary describes how you can optimize your mind's mental functions in order to reason more logically so you can achieve your cherished goals.

Expert modern historians and professional linguists agree that the human communication process made possible by our alphabet and the diverse multi-cultural characteristics of our American English language are among humanity's greatest achievements. In this regard, the amazing English alphabet is the most obvious identifiable cause of our exceptional American national consciousness and human intelligence.

Personally, your brain is the most complex matter in the universe and your alphabet activates the 3 1/2 pounds of organic brain tissue that is the source of your consciousness and self-identity (secular-self). Because of your brain's significance in your life, it is protected by your tough evolutionary skull that has been evolving for hundreds of thousands of years .

During the past 100 years many new discoveries have been made about your true brain structures and mental functions. And during the past 30 years, hundreds of new brain-related words have been created to explain how your brain's most important interactive physical structures produce your mind's most important interactive biochemical mental functions. They have been verified consistently during the past few years by thousands of scientific experiments done with the most powerful computerized microscopes ever invented.

In summary, the new brain vocabulary consists of dozens of essential brain words which can benefit you and everyone living today. They will have lasting value to you and they will benefit all future generations. As such, they are definitely worth the time you need to invest in studying these new brain facts and ideas.

Also it is further assumed that the new humanistic Alphabetical Brain™ Vocabulary linguistic model can provide you with the most essential cognitive tools that you need when you manage your brain's full potential. It can help you optimize your unique willpower and creative imagination.

In short, this website explains what causes your natural willpower and your adaptable self-identity with the most relevant scientific words ever invented. They describe how your sense-of-self (secular self) emerges from your mind's mental functions and how you can use your willpower to make yourself flourish in the future.


Therefore, it is important for you to realize and remember that because of your stable alphabet and ever-changing vocabulary, your ability to communicate with others is extremely versatile and very adaptive. This is a trait that you share with all other healthy human beings.

However, your brain is a fragile organ and the thinking process is very susceptible to the "fake news" and the political propaganda of the mass media and social media. In addition, the assumptions, dogma, doctrines, and platforms of many social and political institutions, including religions, cults, and authoritarian leaders, such as white supremacists, are obsolete.

Fundamentally, you must create your own essence by learning the new brain knowledge.

Now we know that your mind's flexible functions or dynamic mental forces are the genuine sources of your unique willpower and your creative ability to imagine, reason, and remember.

Your brain is the source of meaning in your life, whether you believe it or not! Or, whether you optimize it or not!

This optimistic expansive growth mindset of self-empowerment can help you increase satisfaction on a daily basis as you improve your life throughout your lifetime. This positive attitude is in contrast to the traditional restrictive puritanical fixed attitude of behavior which is defined by the fixed mindset.

That fixed way of thinking and behaving can make many people vulnerable to being confused, alienated, anxious, or depressed, especially if they do not know how their brains work. That simplistic negative attitude toward change can lead to "brain-lock," which is a form of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or “OCD.” Treatment for this serious emotional disorder requires rigorous cognitive psychotherapy and often some form of reprogramming through group counseling.

That was because people in the ancient world before 1500 CE (“CE” means Current Era) did not have access to democratic political words and scientific brain words to explain how important their brains were for thinking and controlling their own decisions and emotions. But now it is known how significant human brains are and how consequential brain-related words are for providing the intellectual tools (new ideas) to explain how human brains actually work.

Fortunately, we now live in a more inclusive democratic social system, where women and minorities are becoming more equal opportunity partners with men in the running of our society and government. This change in our own social class system has become possible only because of the advances in science and technology and education over the past 100 years. The invention of printing and all sorts of machines since 1450 CE, made life much easier for educated people and ruling social elites all around the world.

Our alphabet-powered language now represents an incredible number of important life-sustaining ideas. Our current American English alphabet, which has been developing for almost three millennia, since its beginning about 800 BCE in Greece, features four new vowels that were added to the Phoenician language to create the classic Greek language. Many cultures have used that basic linguistic structure for thousands of years until now when our American English has become supplemented by the addition of thousands of new scientific words.

The following twelve books cited in the information box contain glimpses into the profound impact that the alphabet has had on the quality of human life on earth. These references describe the great influence that the invention of the alphabet and written language have had on human behavior and the expansion of self-awareness. The first seven books are linked to detailed outlines and descriptions:

Book 1:
How 26 Letters Shaped
the Western World

by John Man.
Barnes & Noble Books,
2000 (312 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews

How 26 Letters Shaped
the Western World

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Book 2:
The Story of Humanity's
Greatest Invention

by Daniel L. Everett.
Liveright/W.W. Norton, 2017
(i-xviii, 330 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews

The Story of Humanity's
Greatest Invention

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Book 3:
The Cultural Tool
by Daniel Leonard Everett.
Pantheon Books, 2012 (351 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews

The Cultural Tool

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Book 4:
the Marvelous History of
Our Alphabet from A to Z

by David Sacks.
Broadway Books,
2004 (416 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews

the Marvelous History of
Our Alphabet from A to Z

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Book 5:
How the Alphabet has Shaped
the Western View of the World

by Laurence de Looze.
University of Toronto Press,
2016 (218 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews

How the Alphabet Has Shaped
the Western View of the World

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Book 6:

by David Crystal.
St. Martin's Press, 2012
(i-xxi, 260 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews


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Book 7:
How Humans Made Language,
How Language Made Humans

by Derek Bickerton.
Hill and Wang/Farrar, Straus
and Giroux, 2009 (237 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews

How Humans Made Language,
How Language Made Humans

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Book 8:
How Language Evolved
by Robbins Burling.
Oxford, 2005
(i-ix, 286 pages)

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Book 9:
Helping Your Child Discover Language
by Margaret Maclagan and Anne
Buckley. Finch, 2016
(i-viii, 183 pages)

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Book 10:
Tracing the Evolution
of the Mother Tongue

by Merritt Ruthlen.
John Wiley & Sons,
1994 (i-xi, 239 pages)

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Book 11:
Alphabets, Hieroglyphs & Pictograms
by Andrew Robinson.
Thames & Hudson, 2007 2nd ed,
1995 (235 pages)

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Book 12:
Companion to the PBS TV Series.
by Robert McCrum, William Cran, and
Robert MacNeil. Penguin, 1992, 2nd ed
(394 pages) [also Viking/Penguin, 1986]

[note =The five unlinked book outlines
and reviews will be online very soon]

As cities became larger trading centers, computation and communication systems became more sophisticated for thousands of years. Written languages were first formulated in the ancient world by the Mesopotamians and Egyptians when cuneiform symbols were used to denote numbers for measuring commodities for trade inside and outside their empires.

The primary trading products were grain, beer, bread, wine, and pottery for everybody and luxury goods for the top social elites of the eight distinguishable empires around the Mediterranean Sea before 1200 BCE. That is when all hell broke loose among the leading trading powers due to famine, drought, volcanoes, and wars, which changed the power-sharing structure around the Mediterranean Sea forever.

Nevertheless, in earlier more peaceful times, the Egyptian hieroglyphic symbols were translated into hieratic script, which was the cursive form of hieroglyphic writing. It was used especially by the pharaonic priests of ancient Egypt for most of the 3,000 years of the empire.

They wrote on papyrus leaves, which were beaten into a form of paper. That practical need to write down ceremonial proclamations and rules for everyday behavior made communication easier for the royal families and priestly class to manage the rest of the great majority of uneducated Egyptian people. However, only about 1% or fewer of the Egyptian population could read and write during most of the 3,000 year span of Ancient Egyptian history.

Written alphabetical symbols were created about 3200 BCE (5200 years ago) for business and also for describing religious myths and political exaggerations for propaganda purposes. Mandatory rules of behavior and religious rituals glorified the Ancient Egyptian pharaoh-kings and perpetuated their dictatorial control over the masses of people.

Their writings included spelling out the magical spells used on the walls of temple art and tombs. Their priests and artisans had to fulfill rigid codes designating proper burials in the futile hope and promise that rulers could transcend death and enable everybody else to become immortal in the process too. The hieroglyphs have recorded their belief in superstitions and magical thinking for more than 50 centuries.

In addition, the demotic script was the ancient Egyptian script of and for the common people. It was used in handwritten texts from the early 7th century BCE until the 5th century CE. It was derived from northern Egypt's forms of the hieratic script. It was used primarily in the Nile Delta. [Source: partly from Wikipedia]

Our own American English has evolved for almost 3,000 years since our alphabet, was originally created in 800 BC by the Greeks. This process of innovation and progress in the development of written language was accelerated by the invention and proliferation of written materials by the Gutenberg Press starting in the middle of the 15th century.

After the moveable printing press was invented and perfected, new social and technical ideas were created by larger numbers of people faster than ever before in human history. That is why the mathematical term "exponential" is now used in the 21st century to describe the fast speed of the creation of new knowledge. It also describes the huge impact that scientific knowledge has had and is having on all aspects of the global growth of national economies and technologies.

Historically, our language continued to evolve from the influences of Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, and ultimately the Old English language during the past two thousand years.

As written language grew in its intricacy and complexity, especially since the 15th and 16th centuries of the Renaissance; and the 17th and 18th centuries of the Enlightenment; and the 19th and 20th centuries of the Industrial Revolution our American English alphabet exploded in relevance during the modern Scientific Revolution with the addition of thousands of new scientific words.

This trend has been spiking upward with the new secular basis for science, democracy, and economic growth.

Now the profound influence that the earliest written alphabets have had on human culture, consciousness, and self-awareness is well-known by educated liberal thinkers. And in addition, we now have the scientific symbols of the new brain vocabulary to represent the literal truth about mental functions. Now you do not need to accept the traditional mistaken magical mythical fictional religious and spiritual metaphysical opinions of the primitive and violent past. They were perpetuated by kings and ruling elites to confuse citizens of their genuine birthright to be dignified citizens with growth potential!

In fact scientific thinking (the scientific method) and religious thinking (the golden rule) were united social forces in the development of the modern world during the past 500 years and especially during the growth of the United States since the Revolution in 1776 and the creation of our Constitution. The most significant changes in world history have occurred during the past few hundred years because our founders, most notably Jefferson, Franklin, Washington, Hamilton, Burr and the Adams brothers, established many classic Greek and Roman democratic ideals (limited as they were then) after they won the Revolutionary War against King George, III and the great naval fleet of Great Britain.

Thereafter, our country has been in the forefront of developing the democratic ideal that all hard working educated (white males) should have equal dignity and opportunity. Since then, our country has absorbed hundreds of millions of immigrants and enlarged our American English language until today the words “Black Lives Matter” can motivate millions of Americans to unite and act politically!

With that brief social context, it is now time for you to absorb the full impact of the influence of our alphabet on human thinking. Now in the context of the history of alphabets and the realization that language is essential for complex human consciousness, you will learn how your own "sense-of-self" depends upon how well you think and communicate with other people. In other words, the quality of your socializing with real people and the way you think about imaginary people can make big impacts on your perception of your adaptable self-identity.

Whether you fully realize it or not, through the reading of books (literature) or the viewing of movies and seeing pictures or reading text on the screens of phones and tablets and computers from the internet or in theaters or listening to words from radios, your conscious self-awareness can be altered, word by word and picture by picture and sound by sound. These aspects of language can fill your memories with stories that you remember about your past and stories that you imagine about the future.

For a well-rounded complete adult education in our digital global society, you need to integrate the new brain knowledge into rich memories so you can take advantage of all the human achievements of the past and also add to them. The best way to become emotionally grounded in reality and to stay there is to focus on the immediate moment. You can learn to live in the present. However, this strategy can be difficult when you are being constantly distracted by excessive amounts of information, misinformation, and disinformation.

However, the new brain knowledge emphasized on this website include ways to properly evaluate information for its value to you. The 15 brain- ideas use thousands of words in your personal active vocabulary that are already a significant strategic resource for you. In addition, you can use thousands of other words from your passive vocabulary that you can use to infer meanings from the contexts of the sentences and paragraphs in which you see and hear them.

So the American English language has enormous value for your continuing lifelong learning. The good news is that the new brain words can influence your behavior as you become more aware of how important they are to you for adapting your behavior. Then it will be easier for you to motivate yourself to achieve your core goals in a changing turbulent social situation that includes the current chaos and uncertainties of the covid pandemic.

In addition, the reliable meanings of the new brain-related words emphasized on this website can dramatically improve both your IQ (Intellectual Intelligence) and EQ (Emotional Intelligence). When you add these two kinds of cognitive knowledge, you end up with an essential third type of intelligence called SQ (Social Intelligence).

If you learn how the 1,000 trillion synaptic switches of the 100-200 billion neurons in your brain and nervous system (in your connectome) work, you will be able to control your unique willpower and creative imagination. The interactive connections among your many neurons are described in a logical pattern on this website. The neuronal pathways connect the dozens of organs in your brain that cause your consciousness,

You can do a critical thought experiment by asking the question: How do babies and children improve their capacity to express themselves?

They use their brains to increase the size of their vocabularies to increase their intelligence and improve their personalities. This fantastic fact can be observed on a daily basis if you watch babies and children grow up. Their vocabularies naturally increase as they use the alphabet to figure out how to understand words and to create sentences with which to think.

The fact is that newly born babies have no capacity for verbal language. They can only cry or use body language to gain attention. This fact provides objective evidence of the importance of the cultural basis of language. This means that adults must teach children how to speak and read language and get meaning from it.

The developmental stages of the language acquisition of babies and the achievement of their grammatical milestones are phenomenal up to age five and even beyond. The total neurons in a child's brain continue to be "pruned" until puberty at about age 12 to 14. That means billions of neurons are lost as neuronal memory circuits become established by synaptic plasticity so routine daily behaviors can flourish during puberty when so many other bodily parts are changing so quickly.

It is important to remember that older children enthusiastically seek to name things with words and to follow rules of behavior as they develop their vocabularies and intelligence and personalities. However, we usually take the changes in the language skills of children for granted. This is because the developing self-awareness of babies and children are such slow persistent processes of brain development over many years.

Think of your personal vocabulary as your special super-power. Imagine that it can transform your conscious self-awareness and your adaptable self-identity. Any time you choose to use your natural willpower and creative imagination you can improve your ability to reason logically and make fulfilling ethical decisions.

This aspect of developing and expanding your own self-awareness, and especially that of your children, should be obvious. However, language skills are often taken for granted and usually adults fail to develop them further after their formal academic education. That is why this website emphasizes using your critical thinking skills and critical reading strategies to think about your potential for developing a growth mindset.

For example, the book, Cognitive Neuroscience of Language, whose bibliographic facts are in the following information box, provides ample evidence of the positive impact that language can have on the behavior of both young and old alike:


by David Kemmerer.
Psychology Press/Taylor and French,
2015 (599 pages)

Click or Tap to Outline and Reviews


However, in order to integrate the new brain knowledge into your own long-term memory system and to use it with your working memory system to transform your self-identity, you will need to focus on the 15 brain-ideas presented on this website until they are completely learned.

You can memorize them until they become part of your unconscious habitual behavior. Then the ideas will be ready whenever you need them to augment your willpower and creativity. Then you will be able to purposefully use your free will to optimize your natural willpower and creative imagination to solve problems and achieve your goals.

The separate "sensory" and "motor" neuronal pathways and connections within the dozens of major organs of your brain and nervous system can be understood only when you have learned the accurate scientific words necessary to describe your brain's structures and your mind's functions.

Mysterious spiritual metaphors sound good because of the grammatical "reification structure" of the English language. But those particular traditional religious and spiritual metaphors do not define reality accurately. All historical hunches and religious metaphors purported to relate to human behavior, which involve abstract ancient metaphors from past history, are wrong since the ancients knew nothing about the true functions of their brains.

Those faith-based beliefs --- with no objective evidence to support the belief in supernatural powers especially involving the claims about eternal life --- must be questioned and reevaluated in the here and now. Human brains do not need the help of mysterious superhuman gods or goddesses to solve their problems. Ancient people had nothing but guesses and superstitions because they lacked our modern scientific method and widespread public education. They were dismally ignorant about their brain functions and most of their other bodily functions.

On the other hand, the context of this new modern secular "evidence-based" brain knowledge can give you the ability to think and feel and predict the most probable outcomes of your present actions and your planning for the future. Within this context, you can use your own unique willpower to succeed.

What your mind can conceive, you can achieve: if you know how your brain works!

WHY THIS MATTERS: The Alphabetical Brain™ Symbol represents the interactive connections among your brain's physical structures that cause your mind's mental functions. It symbolizes the importance of the 26 letters of the English language alphabet to human consciousness. The symbol shows the English language alphabet curved around the top of an image of the Left Hemisphere of a human brain, which is the location of the language module in most people.

You Are Your Adaptable Memory!

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Printable Form

(for your own editing
and memory consolidation)

RECOMMENDATION: You may print this pdf version and read it and edit it by adding or deleting ideas. Then, you can read your edited version of these ideas according to a reinforcement schedule. This strategy can help you take advantage of the power of the spaced-repetition method of memorization. Such deep introspection can strengthen your willpower and increase your self-esteem by changing your adaptable self-identity.

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