ALPHABETICAL BRAIN™ VOCABULARY
HUMANIST ATHEIST
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December 5, 2019

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THE SECRET LIFE OF THE MIND:
How Your Brain Thinks,
Feels, and Decides..


by Mariano Sigman.
Little, Brown and Company,
2017 (277 pages)


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BOOK OUTLINE
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note = This file is still under construction to add essential details. But since the book provides a profound addition to neuroscience literature, the scaffolding of the outline is presented as is at this moment in time.

INTRODUCTION (pages 1-3)

PART 1 — THE ORIGIN OF THOUGHT — How do babies think and communicate, and how can we understand them better? (5-46)
    [1] THE GENESIS OF CONCEPTS (6-

    [2] ATROPHIED AND PERSISTENT SYNESTHESIAS (8-

    [3] THE MIRROR BETWEEN PERCEPTION AND ACTION (11-

    [4] PIAGET'S MISTAKE! (13-

    [5] THE EXECUTIVE SYSTEM (15-

    [6] THE SECRET IN THEIR EYES (16-

    [7] DEVELOPMENT OF ATTENTION (18-

    [8] THE LANGUAGE INSTINCT (20-

    [9] MOTHER TONGUE (22-25)

    note = info about how brains of babies specialize in use of language with phenomes (23)

    [10] THE CHILDREN OF BABEL (25-

    note = babies cannot express moral ideas because their prefrontal cortex is not developed (31)

    [11] A CONJECTURING MACHINE (28-

    [12] THE GOOD, THE BAD AND THE UGLY (31-

    [13] HE WHO ROBS A THIEF … (33-

    [14] THE COLOR OF A JERSEY, STRAWBERRY OR CHOCOLATE (34-

    [15] ÉMILE AND MINERVA'S OWL (38-

    [16] I, ME, MINE AND OTHER PERMUTATIONS BY GEORGE (40-

    [17] TRANSACTIONS IN THE PLAYGROUND, OR THE ORIGIN OF COMMERCE AND THEFT (41-

    [18] JACQUES, INNATISM, GENES, BIOLOGY, CULTURE AND AN IMAGE (44-46)
PART 2 — THE FUZZY BORDERS OF IDENTITY— What defines our choices and allows us to trust other people and our own decisions? (47-
    [1] CHURCHILL, TURING AND HIS LABYRINTH (48-

    [2] TURING'S BRAIN (49-

    [3] TURING IN THE SUPERMARKET (53-

    [4] THE TELL-TALE HEART (55-

    [5] THE BODY IN THE CASINO AND AT THE CHESSBOARD (57-

    [6] RATIONAL DELIBERATION OR HUNCHES? (59-

    [7] SNIFFING OUT LOVE (60-)

    Note = most important and complex decisions we make are social and emotional (60)

    note = Pheromones = “smell mediators” (62)

    [8] BELIEVING, KNOWING, TRUSTING ( 63-64)

    [9] CONFIDENCE — FLAWS AND SIGNATURES (64-65)

    [10] THE NATURE OF OPTIMISTS (65-)

    Note = Dopamine generated is codified in a Basal Ganglia Circuit (66)

    Note = desirable info activates neurons on a small part of the left PFC and undesirable info activates a homologous region on the Right Hemisphere (68)

    [11] ODYSSEUS AND THE CONSORTIUM WE BELONG TO (69-

    note = (70-)

    [12] FLAWS IN CONFIDENCE (72-

    note = (72-73)

    note = a vital question in understanding and improving our decision-making is = Conformatory Effect (74)

    [13] OTHER PEOPLES' GAZES (75-)

    note = no afterlife (75-)

    note = use top paragraph about how our brain’s mix internal and external info together (75)

    [14] THE INNER BATTLES THAT MAKE US WHO WE ARE (78-)

    note = (78)

    note = (80-81)

    [15] THE CHEMISTRY AND CULTURE OF CONFIDENCE (85-)

    note = (85-)

    [16] THE SEEDS OF CORRUPTION (91-)

    note = (91-)

    [17] THE PERSISTENCE OF SOCIAL TRUST (95-)

    [18] TO SUM UP (97-

    note = bottom paragraph about slight chemical differences describe warm or cool decisions or reactions (97-)
PART 3 — THE MACHINE THAT CONSTRUCTS REALITY — How does Consciousness emerge in the brain and how are we governed by our Unconscious? (99-)
    [1] LAVOISIER, THE HEAT OF CONSCIOUSNESS (99-)

    [2] PYSCHOLOGY IN THE PREHISTORY OF NEUROSCIENCE (100-)

    note = great ideas about how the steam engine changed the world in the 18th Century: now Neuronscience must provide answers to the questions about human Consciousness in the same way humans needed to understand Heat Energy in the 18th Century (100)

    note = bottom of 101 about Freud and Neurons and also in late 19th century Freud and Ramon y Cajol and Golgi embroiled in an epic argument finally (battle) that was finally resolved by the microscope after Golgi developed a “staining method” to show tiny particles in nervous system. Argument was about interconnected Neurons vs. Reticulum or Continuous Net of Neurons (101)

    [3] FREUD WORKING IN THE DARK (102-

    [4] “FREE WILL” GETS UP OFF THE COUCH (104-

    [5] THE INTERPRETER OF CONSCIOUSNESS (108-

    [6] “PERFORMIMENTS” — FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION (109-

    [7] THE PRELUDE TO CONSCIOUSNESS (112-

    [8] IN SHORT — THE CIRCLE OF CONSCIOUSNESS (115-

    [9] THE PHYSIOLOGY OF AWARENESS (117-

    [10] READING CONSCIOUSNESS (120-

    [11] OBSERVING THE IMAGINATION (121-

    [12] SHADES OF CONSCIOUSNESS (123-

    [13] DO BABIES HAVE CONSCIOUSNESS? (126-
PART 4 — VOYAGES OF CONSCIOUSNESS (OR CONSCIOUSNESS TRIPPING) — What happens in the brain as we dream: is it possible for us to decipher, control and manipulate our dreams? (129-
    [1] ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS (129-

    [2] NOCTURNAL ELEPHANTS (131-

    [3] THE UROBOROS PLOT (134-

    [4] DECIPHERING DREAMS (137

    [5] DAYDREAMS (138-

    [6] LUCID DREAMING (141-

    [7] VOYAGES OF CONSCIOUSNESS (143-

    [8] THE FACTORY OF BEATITUDE (143-

    [9] THE CANNABIC FRONTIER (147-

    [10] TOWARDS A POSITIVE PHARMACOLOGY (149-

    [11] THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF MR X (150-

    [12] THE LYSERGIC REPERTOIRE (153-

    [13] HOFFMAN'S DREAM (155-

    [14] THE PAST AND THE FUTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS (159-

    [15] THE FUTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS: IS THERE A LIMIT TO MIND-READING? (165-
PART 5 — THE BRAIN IS CONSTANTLY TRANSFORMING — What makes our brain more or less predisposed to change? (169-
    [1] VIRTUE, OBLIVION, LEARNING, AND MEMORY (169-

    [2] THE UNIVERSALS OF HUMAN THOUGHT (170-

    [3] THE ILLUSION OF DISCOVERY (173-

    [4] LEARNING THROUGH SCAFFOLDING (175-

    [5] EFFORT AND TALENT (177-

    [6] WAYS OF LEARNING (178-

    [7] THE OK THRESHOLD (179-

    [8] THE HISTORY OF HUMAN VIRTUE (180-

    [9] FIGHTING SPIRIT AND TALENT — Galton's two errors (181-

    [10] THE FLUORESCENT CARROT (185-

    [11] THE GENIUSES OF THE FUTURE (187-

    [12] MEMORY PALACE (190-

    [13] THE MORPHOLOGY OF FORM (193-

    [14] A MONSTER WITH SLOW PROCESSORS (194-

    [15] OUR INNER CARTOGRAPHER (197-

    [16] FLUORESCENT TRIANGLES (198-

    [17] THE PARALLEL BRAIN AND THE SERIAL BRAIN (199-

    [18] LEARNING — a bridge between two pathways in the brain (200-

    note = use great illustration of connection (“bridge”) between the Ventral Pathway and the Dorsal Pathway (200)

    [19] THE REPERTOIRE OF FUNCTIONS —Learning is compiling (200-

    [20] AUTOMATIZING READING (202-

    [21] THE ECOLOGY OF ALPHABETS (203-

    [22] THE MORPHOLOGY OF THE WORD (204-

    [23] THE TWO BRAINS OF READING (206-

    [24] THE TEMPERATURE OF THE BRAIN (206-
PART 6 — EDUCATED BRAINS — How can we use what we have learned about the brain and human thought to improve education? (211-243)
    1) THE SOUND OF THE LETTERS (212-

    2) WORD-TIED (214-

    3) WHAT WE HAVE TO UNLEARN (217-

    [4] THE FRAMEWORK OF THOUGHT (219-

    [5] PARALLEL A WHAT? (222-

    [6] GESTURES AND WORDS (224-

    [7] GOOD, BAD, YES, NO, OK (227-

    [8] THE TEACHING INSTINCT (228-

    [9] SPIKES OF CULTURE (236-

    [10] DOCENDO DISCIMUS [“by teaching, we learn” possibly derived from Senica the Younger c.4 BC – 65 AD] (238-241)
EPILOGUE (243-244)
note = education using Memory Palace (241)

APPENDIX — THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE BRAIN (245-246)

note = use whole 2 pages should and explain by paraphrasing (245-246)

see = Anterior Cingulate vs. Posterior Cingulate (245)

BIBLIOGRAPHY (247-263)

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (264-266)

INDEX (267-277)
    Ancient Greek culture

    Brain anatomy

    Brain development

    Brain function

    Broca area

    Cannabis

    Cerebral cortex

    Children

    Cognitive development

    Consciousness

    Culture

    Decision-making

    Declarative learning

    Dopamine

    Dreams

    Education

    Efferent copy mechanism

    Evolutionary history

    Frontal cortex

    Hypothalamus

    Identity

    Intuition

    Learning

    Mathematics

    Memory

    Music

    Occipital cortex

    Parallel processing

    Parietal cortex

    Spacial memory

    Syllables

    Synapses

    Teaching

    Theory of mind

    Thought

    Time factors

    Unconscious mind

    Visual cortex
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR, SUMMARY,
AND BOOK DESCRIPTION

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR = Mariano Sigman, PhD, a physicist by training, is a leading international figure in the cognitive neuroscience of learning and decision-making. His awards include a Human Frontiers Career Development Award, the National Prize of Physics, the Pius XI medal from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Young Investigator Prize of "College de France," and the IBM Scalable Data Analytics Award.

SUMMARY = From a world-renowned leader in neuroscience, a provocative, enthralling journey into the depths of the human mind. Where do our thoughts come from? How do we make choices and trust our judgments? What is the role of the unconscious? Can we manipulate our dreams? In this mind-bending international bestseller, award-winning neuroscientist Mariano Sigman explores the complex answers to these and many other age-old questions.

BOOK DESCRIPTION = Over the course of his 20-year career investigating the inner workings of the human brain, Dr. Sigman has cultivated a remarkable interdisciplinary vision. He draws on research in physics, linguistics, psychology, education, and beyond to explain why people who speak more than one language are less prone to dementia; how infants can recognize by sight objects they've previously only touched; how babies, even before they utter their first word, have an innate sense of right and wrong; and how we can "read" the thoughts of vegetative patients by decoding patterns in their brain activity.

Building on the author's awe-inspiring TED talk, the cutting-edge research presented in the book, The Secret Life of the Mind, revolutionizes how we understand the role that neuroscience plays in our lives, unlocking the mysterious cerebral processes that control the ways in which we learn, reason, feel, think, and dream.

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Mariano Sigman

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