November 21, 2019

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Neuroevolutionary origins
of Human Emotions

by Jaak Panksepp and Lucy Biven
with foreword by Daniel J. Siegel.
W. W. Norton, 2012 (592 pages)
[Norton Series on
Interpersonal Neurobiology]

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QUOTE = “Jaak Panskepp's lifework has revealed that all mammalian brains are composed of seven common emotional systems - seeking, lust, rage, fear, care, grief and play. This book provides an easy-to-understand explanation of the way in which these common systems guide emotional life in all mammals, including humans.” – Lucy Biven, from UCLA Young Library Bibliographic Reference.

NOTE = use description of "Core SELF" (395)


FORWORD by Daniel Siegel (xvv-xvii)


Note = use summary (45-46)

2) THE EVOLUTION OF AFFECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS --- Studying emotional feelings in other animals ()

3) THE SEEKING SYSTEM --- Brain sources of eager anticipation, desire, euphoria, and the quest for everything ()



6) BEYOND INSTINCTS --- Learning and the affective foundations of memory ()

7) LUSTFUL PASSIONS OF THE MIND --- From reproductive urges to romantic love ()

8) NURTURING LOVE --- The care system ()

9) BORN TO CRY --- The panic/grief system and the genesis of life-sustaining social bonds ()

10) PLAYFUL DREAMLIKE CIRCUITS OF THE BRAIN --- The ancestral sources of social joy and laughter ()

11) TOWARD A NEUROBIOLOGY OF THE SOUL --- The core-self and the genesis of primary-process feelings ()

12) BRAIN EMOTIONAL SYSTEMS AND AFFECTIVE QUALITIES OF MENTAL LIFE --- From animal affects to human psychotherapeutics ()

13) PHILSOPHICAL REFLECTIONS AND COMPLAINTS --- Can we go from mice to men and back again? ()

REFERENCES (501-546)

INDEX (547-562)

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR = Jaak Panksepp, PhD, was the Baily Endowed Chair of Animal Well-Being Science at Washington State University's College of Veterinary Medicine, emeritus Distinguished Professor in the Department of Psychology at Bowling Green State University, and the Head of Northwestern University's Falk Center for Molecular Therapeutics.

SUMMARY = The book presents an affective neuroscience approach — which takes into consideration basic mental processes, brain functions, and emotional behaviors that all mammals share — to locate the neural mechanisms of emotional expression. It reveals — for the first time — the deep neural sources of our values and basic emotional feelings.

BOOK DESCRIPTION = What makes us happy? What makes us sad? How do we come to feel a sense of enthusiasm? What fills us with lust, anger, fear, or tenderness?

Traditional behavioral and cognitive neuroscience have yet to provide satisfactory answers. This book elaborates on the seven emotional systems that explain how we live and behave. These systems originate in deep areas of the brain that are remarkably similar across all mammalian species. When they are disrupted, we find the origins of emotional disorders.

The book offers an evidence-based evolutionary taxonomy of emotions and affects and, as such, a brand-new clinical paradigm for treating psychiatric disorders in clinical practice; a hypothesis explaining how affects are elaborated in the brain:
    [1] SEEKING = How the brain generates a euphoric and expectant response

    [2] FEAR = How the brain responds to the threat of physical danger and death

    [3] RAGE = Sources of irritation and fury in the brain

    [4] ]LUST = How sexual desire and attachments are elaborated in the brain

    [5] CARE = Sources of maternal nurturance

    [6] GRIEF = Sources of non-sexual attachments

    [7] PLAY = How the brain generates joyous, rough-and-tumble interactions
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[1] "Panksepp's perspective on the continuity of animal and human minds has not received the attention it deserves. Here are the collected facts and the reasoning behind that compelling view. An indispensable volume. " by Antonio Damasio, David Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience and Director, Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California; and author of: The Strange Order of Things --- Life, Feeling, and the Making of Cultures (2018); Self Comes to Mind --- The Feeling of What Happens --- Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness; Descartes' Error --- Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain; Looking for Spinoza --- Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain.

[2] "Eloquently written, this brilliant text firmly incorporates laboratory animal research, as well as neuroscientific human studies, to plumb the recesses of the mammalian brain to expound our understanding of human emotionality. . . This body of work reveals how basic mammalian emotions are shared amongst mammalian species, debunking the illusion of the uniqueness of human emotional experiences while aiding in our understanding of emotions, psychopathologies, and treatment capabilities." by New Jersey Psychologist journal.

[3] "Without any sense of exaggeration, this is a revolutionary book. The implications of its understanding of human nature are profound and they open the possibility of a new way of looking at ourselves — and other animals — that is solidly based on scientific method. . . The Archaeology of Mind is required reading for anyone who wants an in-depth understanding of the affective core that we all share, and that is central to who we are." by The APPPAH Newsletter.

[4] "A successful overview of the affective systems . . . Will be of interest not only to basic scientists interested in preclinical modeling but also to clinicians and clinical researchers interested in the neurobiology of addiction, emotional disorders, and novel pharmacological and psychosocial interventions." by Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

[5] "Will appeal to anyone who seeks to understand the origins of our emotions and the mechanisms that tie our affective experiences to our behaviors. Clinicians and psychotherapists are an obvious potential audience. Panksepp and Biven . . . contend that an affective neuroscience perspective has a lot to offer to psychiatric research and practice. . . This text is accessible to a host of researchers trained in that theoretical tradition, including, but not limited to, the rapidly growing community of evolutionary psychologists across diverse academic disciplines. . . Would be appropriate reading for an advanced undergraduate course or a graduate seminar across the many disciplines that are now adopting neuroscientific methods of inquiry to study human psychology and behavior." by PsycCritiques.

[6] "Integrative, judicious, creative, welcoming of divergent perspectives, and very accessible, this is a grand synthesis and should be part of every library. . . Essential. " by CHOICE.

[7] "An exhaustive work, covering a neglected and often misunderstood field . . . Nowhere else will you really find due diligence done on the non-conscious biases of humans and animals . . . Essential reading, not only to us as mind professionals, but to teachers, parents, personal and physical trainers and coaches. Emotions are still everything, and vital to understanding why we are what we are, and why we do and have done, everything in the past and now. An amazing buy." by Metapsychology Online Reviews.

[8] "The book will be of special interest to psychiatrists and other mental health professionals, but it is also accessible to students, parents, educators, and animal behaviorists." by Book News Inc.

[9] "This is a highly original and exciting book. The vital distinction between eager anticipation and straightforward pleasure is only one among many of its important findings. The implications for clinical assessment and treatment, especially with depressed and cut-off patients, are profound." by Anne Alvarez, PhD MACP, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist, Tavistock Clinic, London.

[10] "Offers a very valuable updating of an essential, richly researched neuroscientific perspective on our emotional lives." by Society of Analytical Psychology (UK).

[11] “Jaak Panskepp's lifework has revealed that all mammalian brains are composed of seven common emotional systems - seeking, lust, rage, fear, care, grief and play. This book provides an easy-to-understand explanation of the way in which these common systems guide emotional life in all mammals, including humans.” – Lucy Biven, from UCLA Young Library Bibliographic Reference.

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