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(Featuring Embedded Book References)

July 20, 2018

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(Featuring Embedded Book References)

Knowing how your brain works is essential if you want to thrive in the future. The new brain knowledge explains how your adaptive and dynamic human consciousness is produced by your mind's fine-tuned self-organized memories and the phenomenon of neuroplasticity. Plasticity is your evolutionary brain's ability to "change itself by itself" even when you are asleep.

Few people outside of brain scientists and medical researchers have ever had a comprehensive and integrated understanding of how their evolutionary brains worked. This new emphasis on the way human memory produces your conscious self-awareness provides a unique science-based educational approach to your developing a modern 21st century enlightened humanistic philosophy of life.

The emphasis of this website is on the close relationship between your working memory system, that is located in your prefrontal cortex, and your long-term memory system, that is located in your hippocampus. Together, they produce both your conscious self-awareness and your trainable self-identity.

This new cutting edge brain knowledge explains how your brain's memory systems create your self-awareness and self-identity without any divine influence. This new scientific approach to understanding human nature and human behavior involves both your general vocabulary and your specialized brain vocabulary.

This new approach to understanding your brain's organic structures and your mind's mental functions describes the holistic context of 15 specific brain ideas in their many intricate interactive relationships. The 15 brain ideas provide a comprehensive scientific linguistic context for understanding the major influence that your vocabulary and language skills have on the scope of your self-awareness and your self-identity.

The quickest way to get a new perception of your brain is to explore the way the Circle of Consciousness SymbolŠ is used in the following four diagrams. They identify the dynamic interactive relationships that exist between the 15 basic brain ideas and how they cause your self-actualizing brain and creative mental force:

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Diagram #1

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Diagram #2

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The Circle of Consciousness SymbolŠ represents a simplified holistic view of the global connectivity necessary for human consciousness to exist.


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The Circle of Consciousness SymbolŠ was created to convey a powerful visual image of the previously unimaginable coalescence of the many diverse and interactive physical structures of your awesome self-manifesting holistic brain. Remember, your evolutionary brain's dynamic and malleable mental functions include your creative mind's ability to reason, remember, and imagine.

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By deliberately repeating this learning process several times, the new brain information can become consolidated and then retained in your long-term memory system.

You can change a memory by "editing" it with your prefrontal cortex, since all memories are "constructed" and are "re-constructed" every time you remember them again. That is because present social circumstances provide a new social context for the mental process of re-framing by whatever new situational awareness you are engaged in at the moment in which you recall a memory.

The new brain facts and ideas can help you establish what is real and what is fake about the abundant choices you have to make in our advanced global digitized high-tech society. By avoiding useless social behaviors and treating dangerous addictive habits, you can create enough time to make plans to achieve your most passionate and fulfilling goals.

The 15 major brain ideas emphasized on this website are marked in RED in the following Brain Glossary Details list. The 15 brain ideas are scattered throughout the totality of other brain vocabulary words on the list, which is a handy tool for reminding yourself about the complete brain vocabulary that is required to fully understand and master your mind's mental functions:

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Both reasoning and remembering depend upon the process of long-term potentiation, which happens in your body's communication system. Those two spectacular creative processes can be activated by either conscious or unconscious biochemical triggers in your brain. However, they depend on the "reconstructed memories" or partially real rememberances of what actually happened during the past remembered event.

Furthermore, you can either activate or deactivate the biochemical signals (electro-chemical signals) in your neuronal pathways by seriously (purposefully) thinking about activating them or by choosing to never think about them again.

The very important biochemical signals are strengthened (stimulated) or weakened (inhibited) at specific neuronal connections, known as synapses, when action potential spikes pass back and forth through specific neuronal pathways.

The result is that your anterior cingulate cortex neuronal pathway, which connects your prefrontal cortex to your hippocampus, gains "density" and the synaptic connections become more tightly "wired" together.

The significance of strengthening the connections by increasing the number of synapses (connections of neurons) via the biochemical signaling process cannot be overemphasized.

This vital biochemical process is what causes your perception of yourself as a unique person whose integrated self-awareness and adaptable self-identity are both genuine facts and not imaginary illusions or hallucinations!


For purposes of this website it is assumed that American English language is the best for facilitating communication about the 15 brain ideas because it has so many new scientific words necessary to describe brain structures and mental functions and the interactive systems that connect them.

In addition, during the past century, the American English language has become the universal language (lingua franca) for business and science all around the world. It is important to realize and remember that American English is versatile and ever changing, just like human beings.

The three books, THE LETTER AND THE COSMOS, LETTER PERFECT, HOW LANGUAGE BEGAN describe the tremendous influence that the human invention of the alphabet has had on human culture and human consciousness. It is considered by the experts who study it to be the "story of humanity's greatest invention."

The fact that just 26 alphabetical letters became so adaptable that they became the foundation "sound bits" for hundreds of different languages throughout the world over thousands of years is truly astonishing.

See the publication data for the three books in the following information box:

How the Alphabet has Shaped
the Western View of the World

by Laurence de Looze.
University of Toronto Press,
2016 (218 pages)


the Marvelous History of
Our Alphabet from A to Z

by David Sacks.
Broadway Books, 2004
Formerly titled Language Visible
(416 pages)


the story of humanity's greatest invention
by Daniel L. Everett.
Liveright/W.W. Norton, 2017
(i-xviii, 330 pages)

[Note: Detailed book outlines and summaries of the major ideas in the books cited in all of the information boxes will be available online soon.]

The fact is that a robust alphabet was required for civilized thoughts and feelings to develop to symbolize the sounds of many diverse languages during the past 5,000 years. It has enabled human beings to create vast empires and make significant discoveries all around the world. This is a great human legacy for us now and for all future generations.

The three books cited above trace the fascinating facts, which explain how human progress has depended upon the use of alphabets for thinking and languages for communicating in the ancient world during the past 5,200 years, and especially since the 16th century when the modern world began about 500 years ago.

Within the context of the history of alphabets and the realization that language is essential for your consciousness, you can understand that your own self-awareness depends upon how well you communicate with other people (socialize with real people) or communicate by reading and writing real words (literature) or seeing and hearing words projected on screens (broadcast in audio or video formats).

The written literature that your brain needs for a well-rounded complete adult education in our global digital society deals with stories remembered about the past and stories imagined about possible futures.

The new brain knowledge presented on this website includes a detailed story about the interactive neuronal connections among the dozens of major organs of your brain and the tens of thousands of words in the American English language.

You can use these connections to expand your self-awareness and shape your self-identity out of your knowledge of the tens of thousands of words in your Language and your many interpersonal relationships, both intimate and otherwise.

Remember the extremely important fact that all normal people experience growing up. New babies have no capacity for language except for crying and body language in the beginning. Also remember that older children entusiastically seek to name things with words and to follow rules of behavior as they develop their vocabularies and intelligence and personalities.

Both babies and children can improve their capacity to express themselves as their vocabularies increase in size. This fantastic fact can be observed on a daily basis if you watch babies and children grow their own unique personalities. Their vocabularies increase as they get older. The developmental stages of the language acquisition of babies and the achievement of their grammatical milestones are phenomenal up to age five and even beyond.

However, too often we take the growth of the self-awareness of children for granted since it is such a slow persistent process of brain development over many years.

The relevance of the Alphabetical Brain™ Vocabulary model for understanding the brain/mind connection is obvious when you realize that language is essential for human consciousness and your body is essential for your sense-of-self or self-identity, or self to transition from childhood to adulthood.

By focusing on the importance of helping children learn larger brain vocabularies and helping them develop their basic language skills, you will have a reliable way to measure the expansion of the self-awareness and their self-growth as you participate with them and encourage to have in-depth conversations with you.

You need to discuss the history of human beings and the incredible scientific advancement of civilized ideas during the past few centuries. Also, it is important to teach children to discover the infinite capacity of the human brain to change enough to adapt to environmental forces and adapt nature enough to deal with the special needs for the continued growth of human civilization.

See the book publication data about the TALKING BABY book in the following information box:

helping your child discover language
by Margaret Maclagan and Anne Buckley.
Finch, 2016 (i-viii, 183 pages)

This modern scientific way of thinking about the importance of language development assumes that the sum total of real meaning (literal) and imaginary meaning (metaphorical) is greater with the 15 brain ideas in your mind than with a knowledge of only a few names of disparate parts of your brain.

Instead of being the name of the very small vital part of your body that controls your whole body all of the time, the customary way of speaking about the word brain is that it is the name for a small part of a human body located in the skull without actually conveying any knowledge about how it works. This is an inadequate mindless way of thinking about the human brain and it shows a vast ignorance of modern science and reality.

In fact, the more names and definitions that you have for the many physical structures of your brain and the many mental functions of your mind, the more your word power will be able to influence the quality of your decisions and the meaning of your life.

Think about how your personal vocabulary is a your special super-power. Imagine that it can transform your self-awareness or sense-of-self any time you choose to use your mental force to improve your ability to reason and optimize your creativity and dignity.

It is not the names of your brain's parts by themselves that are supremely important. It is the meanings of the names of the brain ideas as well as your ability to recall those meanings in their proper linguistic contexts at the appropriate times when you are required to make decisions about your health and welfare that matter the most.

This aspect of developing the conscious self-awareness about yourself and your children should be obvious. However, language skills are often taken for granted and usually people fail to develop them much after their formal academic education. That is why critical thinking skills and critical reading strategies are emphasized on this website.

Regardless of your information sources, the quality of your conscious experiences and the level of your ultimate success in life will depend upon your language skills and the quality of your vocabulary --- about all subjects.

What matters the most is that you challenge your brain by reading, speaking, and listening to new words in new grammatical patterns. By reading or viewing historical facts, you can imagine how other people were able to think and feel in the past because of the literary contexts of their writings and the social contexts of their lives. You need to study the deep history of things in order to live fully today. Now is your opportunity to shine.

You need to know that your conscious mind is the ultimate product of about 14 billion years of life on Earth and about 3.5 million years of the evolution by descent of human prototypes and the last 30,000-40,000 years of human life on our planet Earth. When you discover the scientific evidence for these facts, you can begin to feel just how awesome human life is from a non-theistic secular scientific point of view.

Also, it is vital to understand that it took more than five thousand years for humans to create vast empires and the institutions with which to govern. Human civilizations were due to the expansion of trade and the invention of languages and literature during the past 5,000 years. Significant developments in written language began in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt around 3,200 B.C. and then about 800 B.C. the Phoenician alphabet was adopted by the Greeks, who perfected it by adding four vowels. Then the Greek alphabet contained 26 letters. This new Greek alphabet influenced the alphabets of many other cultures as numerous languages were being formalized. The 26 letters, which represented "sound bites" were adopted by most other groups of people who lived or traded with the cultures around the Mediterranian, even though different symbols were used to represent the sounds!

We know these things because there are more scientists and historians studying the past and discovering and revealing the true history of the invention of human languages now than ever before. Many biographical accounts of the most influential people in history can now be appreciated for their courage to innovate. They are bravely telling "truth to power" just as in previous times when alternative political and religious thoughts were often prohibited or censored and their authors were frequently executed for having written or spoken alternative secular explanations of history.

For example, the following two books, MINDS BEHIND THE BRAIN and HEALING THE MIND, describe the major scientists who discovered the mysterious workings of the brain and the mind prior to the 21st century.

See the publication data of the two books in the following information box:

a history of the pioneers
and their discoveries

by Stanley Finger.
Oxford University Press, 2000
(i-xii, 364 pages)


a history of psychiatry
from antiquity to the present

by Michael H. Stone
W. W. Norton, 1997
(i-xix, 516 pages)

Because your brain's physical structures are what make possible your mind's ability to reason, imagine, and remember, which together make possible your ability to collaborate with others, the scope of your dynamic self-awareness and flexible self-identity can be whatever you choose to make them.

Therefore, you can manage your thoughts and feelings and behavior from now on in the linguistic context of the new brain vocabulary, without regard for unknown spiritual entities, if you choose to do it. Your own unique human spirit is all you need with a little help from your friends and brain scientists.

In this context, your two main categories of memory, your working memory and your long-term memory systems, are indispensable for your being conscious and having self-awareness (sense-of-self).

In short, your memory makes possible your self-awareness with its many emergent rational humanistic and cooperative altruistic connotations and denotations from history, literature, science, and the arts.

NOTE: Connotation refers to the many positive and negative associations including feelings that most words naturally have, whereas denotation refers to the precise, literal dictionary definitions of words, including the newest brain vocabulary words with the newest definitions created by scientists doing brain research.

The essential task that you must undertake is to connect new positive feelings to the new brain words. Nobody else can do it for you!

In the past, there were no adequate comprehensive descriptions of how brain structures and mental functions operated to produce human nature.

But now the most important structures and functions can be explained in the logical connections among the 15 brain ideas that can give you more control over your behavior. These 15 brain ideas are assumed to be 15 essential categories of thought for permanently storing long-term memories.

It must be remembered that so called permanent memories are automatically changed every time they are remembered. This is because all memories are reconstructed memories, which are changed by your current cognitive and social conditions before they are consolidated.

As you memorize all 15 brain ideas, the ideas will coalesce in your mind with connections that will be stronger or weaker as you decide to think about them more or less in the future. The emphasis of this website is on the interactive relationships among the 15 brain ideas without the need to imagine that there is any other metaphysical or mystical source responsible for your actions.

Also, this website explains how the scope of knowledge about brain structures and mind functions can have a major positive impact on your intellectual intelligence (IQ) and your emotional intelligence (EQ). Together, they can influence how well you will be able to make wise decisions in the future.

Now it is known that the vast interactive networks of neuronal circuits that connect your brain and body also conduct the electro-chemical impulses or signals, which continuously flow back and forth throughout your brain and body. The neuron signals are known collectively as biochemical currents when they flow through your neuronal pathways and nerve tracks. But when they flow through a single neuron to connect with other neurons, muscles, organs, or glands, the impulses are known individually as action potential spikes.

These vast interactive networks provide the massive global connectivity known by brain scientists as your connectome.

NOTE: On the internet, you can see a variety of the colorful images of connectomes by selecting "images" and googling the word "connectome."

Your own personal connectome is an incredibly complex interactive network of neuronal pathways and nerve tracts made up of billions of neurons and trillions of synapses.

Your connectome has electro-chemical features that are superior to any of the circuits in digital devices or household electronic appliances or commercial machines of all kinds. The neuronal networks and nerve tracts, which are your interactive communication systems, are far more complex than the electrical circuits in airplanes, buses, cars, computers, drones, elevators, magnetic resonance imaging machines, radios, refrigerators, rockets, skyscrapers, smart phones, tablets, television sets, or trucks.

After you memorize the brain ideas and learn to manage your thinking habits, you will be able to organize your long-term memories by choosing appropriate realistic categories of subjects in which to store your new memories for your own personal needs. In brain science the task is known as "chunking", which means freely choosing to associate specific ideas together. An example would be learning the rules of football or basketball or baseball or soccer or tennis around the central idea of the name of each sport. You would not expect to be able to kick a field goal on a tennis court!

Your brain can do the essential task of chunking (or associating) ideas either consciously or unconsciously. However, by deliberately using a conscious systematic learning process, you will be able to save time and become more efficient at learning new activities and discovering new ideas to integrate into your self-awareness and memories.

You will be able to change your mind any time you think your goals and plans for achieving them require it. This is when your critical thinking skills and critical reading strategies will be most helpful.

This new brain knowledge needs to get into your permanent declarative memory system where it can be of the most value as you prepare for the challenges of the future. The new brain facts and ideas need to become a part of your declarative memories in your long-term memory system whose "triggers" are in your hippocampus.

See the definitions in the following information box:

NOTE: Declarative memory is one of the two types of long-term memory. The other type of long-term memory is procedural memory, which is also known as "muscle memory." It is the memory of how to do things.

The two types of declarative memory are semantic memory and episodic memory. It is the memory of facts, data, and events.

[Sources: google and many brain books that cover basic facts about memory.]

Just as your self-awareness depends upon the sophistication of your language skills and vocabulary, your knowledge of your brain's structures and your mind's functions can be improved by increasing the size and quality of your brain vocabulary and general language skills.

For example, the book, COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF LANGUAGE, in the following information box contains detailed evidence that proves the profound impact that language has on the behavior of people, whether young or old:


by David Kemmerer.
Psychology Press/Taylor and French,
2015 (599 pages)

However, in order to integrate the new brain knowledge into your own long-term memory system and to use it to transform your SELF (sense-of-self), you will need to focus on the 15 brain ideas presented on this website until they are learned completely.

You can memorize them until they become part of your implicit unconscious behavior, ready to use whenever you need them to become explicit conscious behavior so you can adapt creatively to the many challenges you face.

The educational philosophy behind this new approach to explaining the importance of understanding your brain's structures and your mind's functions is called whole brain thinking.

This whole-brain strategy has been developed and explained by UCLA professor Daniel J. Siegel in nine books that will be cited on this website with linked outlines. The implications of the new brain insights on education for children and therapy for adults is explained in Siegel's newest book. See the publication data for the book, MIND: A JOURNEY TO THE HEART OF BEING, which is highlighted in the following information box:

A Journey to the
Heart of Being Human

by Daniel J. Siegel.
W. W. Norton, 2017 (378 pages)

By using several senses of your body instead of just reading alone or looking at the new brain information, you can speed up long-term memory consolidation (memory retention) of the essential brain knowledge. You can summarize the text in your own words or subvocalize as you read important words or write down unfamiliar words until you master their meanings or re-read sections until they become understandable.

Also you can print out selected sections of text and then underline or highlight the brain ideas you want to memorize quickly or use an audio or video recording device to augment memorization.

When the distinct functional parts of your anatomical brain are working properly together, you are using 100% of your mind's ability to reason in order to think and feel and be curious about life's wonders.

Thus, you can think of your ability to reason as being the awesome mental force that is described in the ground breaking brain book, THE MIND AND THE BRAIN, by UCLA researcher, Jeffrey M. Schwartz, and science journalist, Sharon Begley. See the publication data for the book in the following information box:

Neuroplasticity and the
Power of Mental Force

by Jeffrey M. Schwartz and Sharon Begley.
ReganBooks/Harper Collins,
2002, 2003 paper (i-xii, 420 pages)

In addition to thinking about your ability to reason as your powerful "mental force," you can use this super-power to read and discover more corroborating details about the scientific study of the relation between food and your ability to think clearly in the following four excellent books, YOUR BRAIN ON FOOD, END OF OVEREATING, THE HUNGRY BRAIN, and FAST FOOD GENOCIDE. See the publication data in the following information box:

How Chemicals Control Your
Thoughts and Feelings

by Gary L. Wenk.
Oxford University Press,
2010, 2015 2nd edition (227 pages)


Taking Control of the
Insatiable American Appetite

by David Kessler.
Rodale, 2009, 2010 2nd edition
(i-xxii, 330 pages)


Outsmarting Instincts that
Make Us Overeat

by Stephan J. Guyenet with
illustrations by Shizuka N. Aoki.
Flatiron Books, 2017 (291 pages)


How Processed Food is Killing Us
and What We Can Do About It

by Joel Fuhrman with
Robert B. Phillips
Harper One, 2017 (342 pages)

The new brain facts and ideas can help you establish what is real and what is fake about the abundant choices you have to make in our advanced global digitized high-tech society. By avoiding useless social behaviors and treating dangerous addictive habits, you will be able to create enough time to make the plans to achieve your most passionate and fulfilling goals.

Many scientific studies have demonstrated that you can optimize the functions of your mind by taking care of the physical parts of your brain. To achieve this profound goal, simply do more deep breathing and relax more during the day and stay focused on your most important goals and plans for achieving them.

You must be prepared to deal with the menacing mass media and social media pressures to conform to their commercial demands. They assault your brain every moment of every day with overwhelming cultural distractions and temptations to buy things. But this is precisely the kind of immense challenge that your brain has evolved to conquer!

After you have memorized the brain ideas and learned to manage your thinking habits, you will be able to organize your long-term memories by choosing realistic categories of subjects (chunks of data) in which to store appropriate new memories to strengthen your own sense of reality and to satisfy your personal needs. This is when your critical thinking skills and your critical reading strategies will be most helpful.

Also you can boost memory retention by writing or typing notes and by using the spaced-repetition method of memorization to create a personal immersive multisensory learning environment inside your brain through optimistic self-talk.

QUICK REVIEW: With proper study, the new brain facts and ideas can become a part of your declarative memory circuit in your long-term memory system, whose triggers are in the hippocampus part of your limbic system. Then, your working memory system, in your cerebrum's prefrontal cortex, can use your new factual memories about your brain's structures and mind's functions to augment your creative imagination and enlarge your self-awareness.

In addition to the free organized brain information on this website now, there will be more information at the Alphabetical Brain™ App, which will be launched soon to provide more evidence of the validity and relevance of the 15 brain ideas featured on this website.

The diagrams will also appear on separate pages in an Amazon print-on-demand book that will be published this year with the title DISCOVER YOUR ALPHABETICAL BRAIN: Learn how the new Brain Science explains Consciousness, Free Will, Happiness, and Success based upon Evolutionary Humanism.

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Printable PDF Form

(printable copy for your easy
editing and memory consolidation)

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RECOMMENDATION: You may print this pdf version and read it. You can underline or highlight the important new brain ideas with colors to save them in your long-term memory. Then edit the text to personalize it and read your edited version of these ideas in a few minutes and a few hours and then read it over several times in the next week to take advantage of the power of the spaced-repetition method of memorization.

NOTE: See the 15 major brain ideas, which include your: working memory #1, neurons #2, dendrites #3, axons #4, nucleus #5, glial cells #6, potentiation #7, synapses #8, connectome #9, plasticity #10, cerebral cortex #11, prefrontal cortex#12, limbic system #13, pleasure circuit #14, and your long-term memory #15 at the following List of 15 Free Brain Flash Cards link:


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